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Contrasting to photosynthesis that requires the need of energy to produce food, cellular respiration breakdown the food to release energy. Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. On the other hand, cellular respiration is a biochemical process by which cells obtain energy from the chemical bonds of food molecules. In the end, it also releases the waste product in the shape of water and carbon dioxide. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. Moreover, cellular respiration can be divided into three metabolic processes as glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. Light-dependent photosynthesis needs actual sunlight to react, whereas dark reaction only needs the products of the light reaction to proceed. Electron transport chain occurs at the inner mitochondrial membrane. Photosynthesis can be divided into two main processes: light dependent (light reaction) process and light independent (dark reaction) process. 1. They both consume and create the same substances (water, glucose, oxygen, and carbon dioxide) but in different ways. Photosynthesis is a process that converts light energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates in the presence of sunlight and chlorophylls. Photosynthesis takes place in two stages of the light reactions and the dark reactions. The overall reaction takes place in steps of biochemical steps, most of which are redox reactions themselves. 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Cell Respiration: Uses the Krebs cycle to break down glucose (releases hydrogen carriers and carbon dioxide; Hydrogen carriers release electrons for an electron transport chain (NADH and FADH 2 specifically) Electrons from the transport chain are taken up by oxygen (to form water) Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration Log in Sign up. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. It is said to be the main process in which a cell of living organisms emits chemical energy to fuel cellular activity. 1. This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration in table form: Photosynthesis: Respiration: 1. Start studying Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. PLAY. The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one system are the reactants of the other. They are the opposite of each other. Prokaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration in the cytoplasm whereas eukaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration mostly inside the mitochondria of the cell. Photosynthesis generates high electron potential energy from light photons while cellular respiration generates high electron potential energy from breaking bonds. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. What is Difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? In aerobic respiration, one glucose molecule can generate 36-38 molecules of ATP, but in anaerobic respiration (through glycolysis and fermentation) only 2 ATP molecules could be derived. To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process that ends in the production of carbohydrate molecules. During photosynthesis process, oxygen is released and carbon dioxide while in cellular respiration, carbon dioxide is released, and oxygen is absorbed. What are the differences between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis? This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. What is Photosynthesis Cellular respiration is a chemical process in which the adenosine triphosphate and nutrients are converted into the biochemical energy. Photosynthesis happens only in those cells containing chlorophyll while cellular respiration happens in all cells and it is independent of chlorophyll. Both have electron transport chains Both utilize ATP for energy Chemiosmosis allows ATP synthase to produce ATP . Similarities between Cellular Respiration and Photosythesis. 3. Dr.Samanthi Udayangani holds a B.Sc. If oxygen is not present, respiration would happen by two metabolic pathways in the cytosol via glycolysis and fermentation. During photosynthesis process, energy is stored in the form of chemical energy or glucose while in cellular respiration; energy is released in the form of ATP. The chemical energy formed during photosynthesis process is then stored in carbohydrate molecules that is then synthesized from water and carbon dioxide. Photosynthesis is the process where green plants use sunlight to manufacture their own food while cellular respiration is the process where cells breakdown glucose to release energy. It takes place only within the chloroplast. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Cellular Respiration vs Photosynthesis. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. Flashcards. It takes place in the chloroplasts of cells. All rights reserved. 5. The following equation is the most common form of summarizing photosynthesis: Carbon Dioxide (6CO2) + Water (6H2O) —-converted with help of light energy -→ Glucose (C6H12O6) + Oxygen (6 O2). The outputs of the photosynthesis are oxygen and glucose and water and carbon dioxide in the case of cellular respiration. Glucose is the most commonly utilized energy source in cellular respiration. STUDY. Oxygen, which  is important to all living beings, is released to the atmosphere as a byproduct of photosynthesis. Learn. For instance, in photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide, generate Glucose and oxygen as by-products. Photosynthesis converts the light energy into potential energy while cellular respiration converts the potential energy into kinetic energy. Oxygen is the water product or output that is released in most of the photosynthesis processes. In photosynthesis, the source of energy while in cellular respiration, chemical bonds are the source of energy. 1. 3. Chemiosmosis in Photosynthesis. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved In other words, photosynthesis takes in carbon dioxide, water, and energy, and release oxygen and glucose (sugar). One method of how animals derive this energy is through the process of cellular respiration. 5. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Write. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. Peter Mitchell proposed this theory to explain ATP synthesis during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis is the food making process or energy storage process, whereas respiration is the … It takes place within the mitochondria. STUDY. This article highlights the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. You can edit this Venn Diagram using Creately diagramming tool and include in your report/presentation/website. Despite the differences between these two processes, there are some similarities. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. “Cellular respiration” By Darekk2 – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Biology Tagged With: cellular respiration, photosynthesis. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. 2. Match. In the case of plants, photosynthesis and cellular respiration are reactions that complement each other. Furthermore, only photoautotrophs carry out photosynthesis while all living organisms carry out cellular respiration. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Cellular respiration is different from the photosynthesis on many grounds in which the major difference is that it don’t require the need of sunlight at all and is always occurring in all living organisms either animals or plants. 6CO2 + 12H2O + light –> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H20, Occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria, Occurs in all living organisms either plants or animals. Overview and Key Difference 4. for future use. Photosynthesis involves the production of NADPH while cellular respiration involves the production of both FADH and NADH. 10 Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Respiration is a complex process which includes absorption of oxygen, conversion of complex substance like carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and water with release of energy as ATP to drive all cellular activities and as a … Gravity. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. NADPH is a reducing agent that can reduce its hydrogen molecule. Photosynthesis is an anabolic course of that ends throughout the manufacturing of carbohydrate molecules. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Cellular respiration, then once more, is a catabolic course of that ends throughout the breakdown of carbohydrate; Photosynthesis happens solely in these cells containing chlorophyll whereas cellular respiration … Hence, photoautotrophs serve as primary producers in almost every food chain in an ecosystem. what references did you use for this? Key Differences. Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration?Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite equations. The main difference between photosynthesis and respiration is where it occurs, one being in plants and some bacteria and the other being in most every other living thing. “Photosynthesis en” By At09kg: originalWattcle : vector graphics – This file was derived from Photosynthesis.gif (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia Additionally, photosynthesis occurs via two steps: light reaction and dark reaction. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. Create. This article explores, 1. The catabolic reaction is the primary reaction involved in the cellular respiration process that actually breaks down the larger one molecules into the small molecules by releasing energy in the process as the stronger bonds replace high energy bonds. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. A scientific process that explains how the plants and other organisms convert light or sun energy into chemical energy that is later on used by these organisms to fuel their activities. This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Moreover, photosynthesis is also responsible for supplying most of the energy and organic compounds necessary for life on Earth. It can occur In all organisms on earth. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in … Chemiosmotic Theory states that Electron transport and ATP synthesis are coupled by a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The inputs in the photosynthesis are water and carbon dioxide while inputs in the case of cellular respiration are oxygen and glucose. Equation of Photosynthesis is C6H12O6 + 6O2 ~> 6CO2 + 6H2O and equation of Respiration is 6CO2 + 6H2O ~> C6H12O6 + 6O2. Similarities Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration The former takes place in four different stages – glycolysis, linking, Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport chain levels. Produce glucose and oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis are water and carbon dioxide, and more with,... Many respects the “ reverse ” of one system are the differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration.! ) and in Calvin cycle ( photosynthesis ) reaction ) process results in of! One method of how animals derive this energy is stored while energy released in cellular respiration are processes. An easy process that ends throughout the manufacturing of carbohydrate molecules presence of.! 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